Tuesday, April 22, 2014

What causes arthritis?

If your joints have pain, inflammation, redness, stiffness, swelling. If yes, all these symptoms are basically known as arthritis symptoms. Arthritis is defined as pain and inflammation of musculoskeletal system that affect the joints of your body.

It is estimated that 2 of 5 American is said to have one or the other form of arthritis. It is rising on an alarming rate. Whatever the solution of the problem, it first comes into the mind that-"what causes arthritis?"

To understand in a better way, let's have a look over the working of joints.
    Fig: Normal Healthy Joint
    Source: Google search

  • Joint is basically a junction between two bones. These bones are held together by muscles and ligaments. Due to their proper working bones move with ease and causes no pain in junction point.
  • Then the bones are covered by cartilage to protect them from rubbing to each other. This is a scientific fact that cartilages are the lubricating factor that helps bone to work smoothly without any friction.
  • After that comes the synovial fluid. Synovial fluid nourishes the joint and the cartilage.
  • When you have arthritis the synovial fluid and cartilage starts to wear out. Due to this wear and tear of synovial fluid the bones starts rubbing to each other.
  • Along with that sometimes lack of synovial fluid, infection in the cartilage, or the combination of all can lead to arthritis.

This cause comes under one roof, the other roof reasons are: 

  • Internal injury.
  • Inflammation of the tendon.
  • Bone infection.
  • Overuse of bones.
  • Age and Genetic factor.
  • Cancer.

Whatever the cause if you have unexplained joint pain, then don't waste your time just checked by your doctor. 


  1. Very basic article… Simple and easy to understand!!!

  2. Hi my mother in law has RA and her condition is getting worse. We really initially thought that she is having normal pain in joints, but now the table is turned for RA. I’m really sad for her.

    1. This happens to many people that they treat the pain in joints as a normal cause. Many times it is a normal pain,,,, but may also be arthritis. Take care of my mother in law. Go for proper treatment and always follow the doctor’s advice.

  3. I have OA for 4 years but over the past 3months my hands and feet are becoming stiff in morning time. Visited my doctor. He said that all is fine; just keep on your medicines.